What is liposuction?
Liposuction is performed to enhance the shape of the body by removal of unwanted fat in areas such as thighs, hips, stomach, knees, calves, ankles, back or chin and ultimately enhancing one’s self-image. The fatty deposits are suctioned through a small tube, called a cannula, which is inserted through a small incision.
Performed either under local anesthesia with mild sedation or general anesthesia, liposuction does not usually require hospitalization. Tumescent liposuction technique involves injecting fluid into the fat creating a local anesthesia and vasoconstriction. A small incision (less than 1 cm long) is made in the appropriate area and a small cannula is inserted. The cannula is attached to a suction device, which allows for the removal of the desired amount of fat in that area. Over the next few weeks, the skin re-drapes over the aspirated area, improving its contour.
After the surgery, there may be some bruising and swelling in the treated area. A compression garment is worn for four weeks to diminish the post-operative swelling. It is usually possible to return to work within a couple of days. Vigorous physical activity can only be undertaken after four weeks. The very small scars are usually just about invisible.
Risks and Complications:
All surgeries expose patients to risks and complications. In cosmetic surgery, all efforts are made to minimize these risks, but they cannot be completely eliminated. A partial list of complications for a liposuction includes: contour deformity (under or overcorrection), skin irregularity or waviness, and fat embolus. It is important to discuss these risks with your surgeon as part of your decision making process.